15 essential punctuation marks

8 Parts of Speech

Parts of speech are the different types of words in a sentence. They can be classified as either a noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, or conjunction. Parts of speech are important for understanding how the sentence is constructed and what it means.

In this section, you will learn the 8 parts of speech that every English learner and adult migrant must know.

8 parts of speech
8 parts of speech


A noun is a person, place, thing or idea

Examples: dog, teacher, house


A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun

Examples: – I, You, He, She, It, You, We, They


A verb is a word that tells what someone or something does – an action word or word of being

Examples: Read, write, listen, speak etc.


An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun

Examples: Red, old, new, expensive etc.


An adverb can be added to a verb to modify its meaning; can also modify adjectives and other adverbs – Tells you when, where, how, in what manner or to what extent an action is performed – Many end in “ly”, but not always!

Examples: fast, never, now


A preposition is a word placed BEFORE a noun or pronoun to show its location or direction.

It May also show a noun or pronoun’s relationship to some other word in the sentence

Examples: to, on, in, through


A conjunction is a word used to connect other words, phrases, and clauses

Examples: And, but, or, because


An interjection is a word that expresses strong or sudden emotion.

It is used as an exclamation (!) by itself or with a comma following it if used at the beginning of a sentence – capable of standing by itself

Examples: Oh dear! – My goodness! – Wow!

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