Verbs are the backbone of any sentence, and they give it life, direction and meaning. Whether you’re a native speaker of English or just starting to learn, understanding the different types of verbs can help you improve your writing, speaking and comprehension skills. In this post, we’ll explore the different types of verbs and provide tips to help you learn them faster. Get ready to supercharge your English skills!
Regular verbs in English are verbs that form their simple past tense and past participle by adding -ed or -d to the base form of the verb.
Examples of regular verbs include “to jump” (the past tense and past participle are “jumped”) and “to play” (the past tense and past participle are “played”). This type of verb does not undergo substantial changes while changing forms between tenses. If the verb ends with a vowel, only “d” is added, while if it ends with a consonant, “ed” is added.
Irregular verbs are verbs in English that do not follow the standard grammar rules for forming the past tense and past participle. Unlike regular verbs, which form their different verb forms by adding -ed or -d to the base form, irregular verbs use completely original words to form their different verb forms when they are the main verb of a sentence. A list of all the irregular verbs in the English language can be found here https://www.faster-english.com/list-of-irregular-verbs/
Linking verbs are verbs that describe the subject rather than the action in a sentence, connecting the subject of a sentence to the sentence complement which gives more details about the subject. There are about 8 verbs that are always linking verbs: become, seem, and any form of the verb “to be” like am, is, are, was, were, and has been. Here are some examples of linking verbs used in sentences:
· William is excited about his promotion.
· She seems upset about the announcement.
· The eggs smell rotten.
· He went red after tripping on the rug.
· Your wedding plans sound nice.
· You look exhausted after studying all night.
· I am putty in his hands.
Transitive verbs are verbs that require a direct object to complete their meaning in a sentence. A transitive verb acts upon something, and the receiver of the action is indicated by the direct object in the sentence. The direct object is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that receives the action from the verb. Examples of transitive verbs include “gives,” “ate,” and “am singing.”
An intransitive verb is a verb in English that does not require a direct object to complete its meaning. It only involves the subject of the sentence and does not act upon any receiver of the action.
A finite verb is a main verb in a sentence that drives the rest of the sentence. In English grammar, a finite verb is characterized by having both a subject agreement with the subject and a tense (present or past). If there is just one verb in a sentence, that verb is finite. A finite verb is also marked for tense and shows agreement with a subject. In other words, a finite verb can stand by itself in a sentence. A finite verb has a subject and shows tense. For example, in the sentence “John cooks carrots,” the finite verb is “cooks.” Every sentence needs a finite verb and the main verb in every sentence is a finite verb.
An infinitive verb is a special form of verb that can be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb in a sentence. It is usually formed by adding the word “to” before the base verb and is used to discuss actions without actually doing the action. An infinitive verb is essentially the base form of a verb with the word “to” in front of it, and the “to” is a part of the verb, not acting as a preposition. To use an infinitive verb properly, simply add the word “to” before the verb. Examples of infinitive verbs include “to be,” “to have,” “to hold,” “to sleep,” and “to spend.”