Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria. It is the second-largest city in Australia spanning over 9990 km2. Metropolitan Melbourne is home to more than 5 million people with people from more than 200 countries.
An inhabitant of Melbourne is commonly referred to as a “Melburnian”. Melbourne is known as Australia’s most culturally diverse city. The people of Melbourne come from all over the world and around 140 cultures are represented, from Victoria’s original Indigenous inhabitants to more recent migrants from countries in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Melbourne is one of the world’s most liveable cities. It has been ranked in the top three cities in the world for overall liveability by The Economist Intelligence Unit for seven consecutive years. In 2016, Melbourne was ranked as Australia’s most liveable city and third in the world, according to The Economist’s Global Liveability Ranking. Melbourne has been ranked as Australia’s most liveable city by the Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Global Liveability Index for 2022. The list assesses 173 cities around the world in the categories of stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure.
Melbourne is also home to many of Australia’s prominent sporting teams, including the Australian Football League’s Melbourne Cricket Club and the National Rugby League’s Melbourne Storm. The current Victorian Premier is Daniel Andrews from the ALP (Australian Labor Party).
Melbourne has a population of over 5 million (19% of the population of Australia, as per the 2021 census. Melbourne is projected to overtake Sydney to become Australia’s largest city in 2026–27, with a population of 6.2 million by 2030–31, compared to 6.0 million in Sydney. This would make it the world’s fastest-growing major city.
What’s the climate like in Melbourne? Melbourne enjoys warm summers, glorious springs, mild autumns, and crisp winters.
The unusual features of Melbourne’s winter season you should know about are:
- June and July are the coldest months and October is the wettest.
- Summer: Melbourne heats up from December to February (summer) – for 3 months
- Autumn: Melbourne cools down from March to May (autumn) – for 3 months
- Winter: Melbourne chills out from June to August (winter) – for 3 months
- Spring: Melbourne warms up again from September to November (spring) – for 3 months
The hottest temperature ever recorded in Melbourne was 46.4 °C on the 7th of February 2009 and the coldest temperature ever recorded in Melbourne was −2.8 °C on the 21st of July 1869.
Melbourne is the cultural capital of Australia and has a thriving café culture and an eclectic mix of restaurants, bars, and shops. Melbourne’s attractions include the Eureka Tower, Federation Square, the Royal Botanic Gardens, the Melbourne Museum, and the National Gallery of Victoria.
Melbourne Sky Deck
Melbourne sky deck is a 360-degree viewing platform that offers visitors a stunning view of the Melbourne city skyline. The Melbourne sky deck is located on top of the Eureka building in Southbank and is one of the tallest skyscrapers in Australia. Visitors can use viewfinders to spot various landmarks in Melbourne. To read more about Melbourne Sky Deck, click here: www.faster-english.com/20-landmarks-melbourne-sky-deck
Federation Square is one of the most popular attractions in Melbourne. It is a public space in Melbourne, Australia and is located at the intersection of Flinders Street and Swanston Street. It was opened in 2002 and it is the location of many museums, galleries, theatres, and other cultural institutions. Federation Square was designed to be a cultural hub for Melbourne. To read more about Federation Square, click here: www.faster-english.com/reading-federation-square-number-attraction-melbourne
Royal Botanic Gardens
The Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne is one of the top tourist attractions in Melbourne, Australia. It has over 100 hectares of beautiful gardens and is home to over 2,500 species of plants from all over the world. The gardens are located in the heart of Melbourne and are open to the public.
Important facts about Melbourne
During the COVID-19 pandemic, Melbourne enured 6 lockdowns and Melburnians spent a total of 262 days or nearly nine months, under stay-home orders since March 2020.
Melbourne has more skyscrapers than any other city in Australia. There are 73 buildings that are defined as skyscrapers. A skyscraper is a building that reaches a height of at least 150 metres.
The largest shopping centre is located in Melbourne. Chadstone Shopping Centre is located in Malvern East and has more than 530 stores. Area 233,620 m2. The second largest shopping centre in Australia is also located in Melbourne. Westfield Fountain Gate is located in Narre Warren. Area 178,394 m2
The tallest building in Melbourne is Australia 108 with a height of 316.7 metres followed by Eureka Tower with a height of 297.3 metres in height. Australia 108 is Australia’s second tallest building behind Q1 which is located in Queensland.
Some of the most expensive suburbs in Melbourne are Toorak, Canterbury, Kooyong, Brighton, and Malvern.
Reservoir is the largest suburb in Melbourne by land area. It is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 12 km north of Melbourne’s Central Business District.
The smallest suburb in Melbourne is Gardenvale. At just 26 hectares, Gardenvale is Melbourne’s smallest suburb and is squished between Brighton and Caulfield South.
Australia’s most popular sport – Footy, also originated in Melbourne. Australian football evolved in Melbourne in the mid-19th century. Most teams in the AFL are located in Melbourne. Some Melbourne clubs are Essendon, Western Bulldogs, Richmond, and Collingwood amongst many others.
The black box for planes was also invented in Melbourne by David Warren in 1953.